The challenge of ReVOC4LIFE is to demonstrate a more environmentally sustainable process, that
allows to tanning district companies to be fully compliant with EU Directives on emissions, maintaining
a positive balance between product performance and environmental concerns, with a positive
ReVOC4LIFE focuses on a short-term VOCs remediation solution able to achieve a further reduction of
VOCs emissions, with minimal impact on cost thanks to (1) solvent recovery and closed loop reuse, (2)
to the use of a tanning industry by-product as sorbent appropriately activated.
At State-of-the-Art very efficient abatement systems are built on the spray booths to capture the
powders, pigments, and solvents soluble in H2O but fail, due to the specific nature, of capturing the
VOCs that flow directly into the atmosphere as vapours. Beneficiaries have developed and validated at
TRL7 a new modular system for VOCs emissions abatement and solvent recovery based on air filtering
This new concept is based on three pillars: (1) closed loop reuse of water from wet scrubbers, thanks to
electro-oxidation, (2) air VOCs adsorption on sintered granules, by-product of excess sludge treatment
similar to activated carbons, (3) solvent recovery from exhaust filters for re-use in tanning process
A full scale pilot plant will be installed in a tannery and operated for one year, covering all the airflow of
a chimney stack, the most critical in terms of VOCs emissions. The baseline for this plant is an air flow
of 20 000 Nm³/h, a current VOCs emission of 5700 kg/y (considering an average MW of 79 the CO2
equivalent emission is 44/79*5700=3200kg/y), and fresh water consumption of 231 m³/y.
The plant can be easily replicated in other lines of the tannery, in other companies of the district, in the
global market, with a huge potential impact: VOCs emission from the tanning district of Santa Croce
sull’Arno alone are estimated to be approximately 5 million kg per year, of which approximately 40,000
kg are produced by the tannery installing the pilot plant.
Comparison with alternative technologies
The main technologies available today are listed here below with indication of the main disadvantage
ReVOC4Life will be overcoming:
(1) Thermal oxidation with burners: VOCs are oxidized to CO2 and H20 in high temperature >750 °C
(with 3200 kg/y CO2 emissions from VOCs, 800 kg/y CO2 emissions from fuel, 25 m³/h CNG, with
secondary pollutants to be treated as NOx and PM2.5, all these emissions would be avoided by
ReVOC4Life), in this application the VOCs concentration are very low (100-200 mg/m3) and the air flow
rates are high, so there is a disproportionate cost for the actual effective benefit.
(2) Catalytic oxidation with burners, where preheated exhaust gas is in contact with a porous catalytic
active material, it is a faster and flameless method with operation temperature >300 °C (anyway with
3200 kg/y CO2 emissions and higher OPEX due to the monitoring/pretreatment of gas to avoid catalyst
(3) Adsorption on activated carbon (AC), this method requires lower temperatures but it is usually non
affordable due to the high cost of activated carbon both in terms of raw material and in management.
In case of regeneration this is an additional cost and the process is usually thermal, with the same
quantity of CO2 emissions (1)
(4) Absorption, where soluble gas components are separated from the gas stream by dispersing it with
the dissolving liquid, This method is only partial and needs anyway to be coupled with (1-3) since
removal efficiency is usually lower than 50% and it is more expensive both in terms of OPEX and
(5) Biofilters, using living material to capture and biologically degrade process pollutants, it is a method
unsuitable for so high air flows (typical big/scale installations are 200 m³/h) and very inflexible and
sensitive to poisoning.
(6) Cryocondensation, where organic compounds are recovered from liquid after the exhaust gases are
condensed for total recovery, This method finds practical application where the volumes of air to be
treated are very low and the VOC concentrations are very high, otherwise the system is uneconomical
(CAPEX >10M€ for this baseline) and would require a significant amount of energy.
Compared to these alternatives ReVOC4Life is competitive, combining massive abatement (not
possible with 5,6) with lower emissions (compared to 1,2) and lower cost (OPEX up to -30% compared
to the less expensive of the above mentioned). CAPEX target is <80k€ for the baseline (22000 Nm³/h)
comparable to the less expensive of the above (4). The regenerative pressure swing adsorption on KEU
is a breakthrough compared to current practice on (3) where saturated sorbent is usually a chemical
The project will be implemented in the following Member State(s) and Region(s) or other countries:
Expected start date: 01/09/2021
Expected end date: 31/08/2024
LIST OF BENEFICIARIES
- SIME srl
- Consorzio Aquarno SPA
- BCN concerie spa
- Compolab Srl
- IRIS s.r.l.
- Dipartimento di Ingegneria Civile e Industriale, University of Pisa
PROJECT BUDGET AND REQUESTED EU FUNDING
Total project budget:
Total eligible project budget:
EU financial contribution requested:
1,814,245 Euro (= 55.00% of total eligible budget)